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SpringMVC(4)之SSM整合

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1、使用 Maven 创建 Web 工程,依赖如下:

<!-- pom.xml -->
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>com.zze.springmvc</groupId>
    <artifactId>springmvc_mybatis</artifactId>
    <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <packaging>war</packaging>
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>aopalliance</groupId>
            <artifactId>aopalliance</artifactId>
            <version>1.0</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>asm</groupId>
            <artifactId>asm</artifactId>
            <version>3.3.1</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.aspectj</groupId>
            <artifactId>aspectjweaver</artifactId>
            <version>1.6.11</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>cglib</groupId>
            <artifactId>cglib</artifactId>
            <version>2.2.2</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
            <artifactId>druid</artifactId>
            <version>1.0.18</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-logging</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-logging</artifactId>
            <version>1.1.1</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-pool</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-pool</artifactId>
            <version>1.3</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>javassist</groupId>
            <artifactId>javassist</artifactId>
            <version>3.11.0.GA</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>jstl</groupId>
            <artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
            <version>1.2</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>junit</groupId>
            <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
            <version>4.12</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>log4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>log4j</artifactId>
            <version>1.2.17</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.logging.log4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>log4j-api</artifactId>
            <version>2.0-rc1</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.logging.log4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>log4j-core</artifactId>
            <version>2.0-rc1</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
            <version>3.2.7</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId>
            <version>1.2.2</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
            <version>5.1.46</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>slf4j-api</artifactId>
            <version>1.7.5</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId>
            <version>1.7.5</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-aop</artifactId>
            <version>4.2.4.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-aspects</artifactId>
            <version>4.2.4.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-beans</artifactId>
            <version>4.2.4.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
            <version>4.2.4.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-context-support</artifactId>
            <version>4.2.4.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>
            <version>4.2.4.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-expression</artifactId>
            <version>4.2.4.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
            <version>4.2.4.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-jms</artifactId>
            <version>4.2.4.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-messaging</artifactId>
            <version>4.2.4.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-tx</artifactId>
            <version>4.2.4.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-web</artifactId>
            <version>4.2.4.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
            <version>4.2.4.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <!--使用 tomcat7:run-->
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.tomcat.maven</groupId>
                <artifactId>tomcat7-maven-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>2.2</version>
                <configuration>
                    <port>8080</port>
                    <path>/</path>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>
</project>

2、使用逆向工程生成 MyBatis 相关类及映射文件。

// com.zze.springmvc.pojo.User

import java.util.Date;

public class User {
    private Integer id;

    private String name;

    private Date birthday;

    private String address;

    public Integer getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(Integer id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name == null ? null : name.trim();
    }

    public Date getBirthday() {
        return birthday;
    }

    public void setBirthday(Date birthday) {
        this.birthday = birthday;
    }

    public String getAddress() {
        return address;
    }

    public void setAddress(String address) {
        this.address = address == null ? null : address.trim();
    }
}

以下文件省略...

com.zze.springmvc.pojo.UserExample
com.zze.springmvc.mapper.UserMapper
com/zze/springmvc/mapper/UserMapper.xml

3、引入 MyBatis 核心配置文件,包含文件头的空文件即可:

<!-- config/SqlMapConfig.xml -->
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE configuration
        PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd">
<configuration>

</configuration>

4、引入 Jdbc 属性文件:

jdbc.url=jdbc:mysql://192.168.208.192:3306/test?characterEncoding=utf-8
jdbc.driver=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
jdbc.username=root
jdbc.password=root

5、Dao 层,在 Spring 中配置数据库连接及事务:

<!-- config/spring/applicationContext-dao.xml -->
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">
    <!--读取属性文件-->
    <context:property-placeholder location="classpath:config/jdbc.properties"/>
    <!--连接池-->
    <bean id="dataSource" class="com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource" init-method="init" destroy-method="close">
        <!-- 基本属性 url、user、password -->
        <property name="driverClassName" value="${jdbc.driver}"/>
        <property name="url" value="${jdbc.url}"/>
        <property name="username" value="${jdbc.username}"/>
        <property name="password" value="${jdbc.password}"/>
        <!-- 配置初始化大小、最小、最大 -->
        <property name="maxActive" value="20"/>
        <property name="initialSize" value="1"/>
        <property name="minIdle" value="1"/>
        <!-- 配置获取连接等待超时的时间 -->
        <property name="maxWait" value="60000"/>
        <!-- 配置间隔多久才进行一次检测,检测需要关闭的空闲连接,单位是毫秒 -->
        <property name="timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis" value="60000"/>
        <!-- 配置一个连接在池中最小生存的时间,单位是毫秒 -->
        <property name="minEvictableIdleTimeMillis" value="300000"/>
    </bean>

    <!--配置 SqlSessionFactory-->
    <bean id="sqlSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">
        <!--配置数据源-->
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
        <!--配置核心配置文件路径-->
        <property name="configLocation" value="classpath:config/SqlMapConfig.xml"/>
        <!--配置别名扫描包-->
        <property name="typeAliasesPackage" value="com.zze.springmvc.pojo"/>
    </bean>

    <!--动态代理配置方式二:配置 mapper 包扫描-->
    <bean class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer">
        <property name="basePackage" value="com.zze.springmvc.mapper"/>
    </bean>
</beans>
<!-- config/spring/applicationContext-trans.xml -->
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
       xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd

        http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop.xsd">
    <!--配置事务管理器-->
    <bean name="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
    </bean>

    <!--配置事务的通知/增强-->
    <tx:advice id="txAdvice" transaction-manager="transactionManager">
        <tx:attributes>
            <!--事务管理规则-->
            <tx:method name="save*" propagation="REQUIRED"/>
            <tx:method name="add*" propagation="REQUIRED"/>
            <tx:method name="update*" propagation="REQUIRED"/>
            <tx:method name="modify*" propagation="REQUIRED"/>
            <tx:method name="delete*" propagation="REQUIRED"/>
            <tx:method name="remove*" propagation="REQUIRED"/>
            <tx:method name="find*" read-only="true"/>
            <tx:method name="get*" read-only="true"/>
            <tx:method name="select*" read-only="true"/>
            <!--
            name : 匹配方法名
            read-only : 为 true 时表示只做只读操作
            propagation : 事务的传播行为
            timeout : 事务过期时间,为 -1 时不会过期
            isolation : 事务的隔离级别
            -->
            <tx:method name="*" propagation="REQUIRED" isolation="DEFAULT" timeout="-1"/>
        </tx:attributes>
    </tx:advice>

    <!--AOP 配置-->
    <aop:config>
        <aop:pointcut id="pc_service" expression="execution(* com.zze.springmvc.service.*.*(..))"/>
        <aop:advisor advice-ref="txAdvice" pointcut-ref="pc_service"/>
    </aop:config>
</beans>

6、Service 层,在 Spring 中配置包扫描:

<!-- config/spring/applicationContext-service.xml -->
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">
    <!--配置控制器扫描-->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.zze.springmvc.service"/>
</beans>

7、Web 层,SpringMVC 的核心配置文件:

<!-- config/spring/springmvc.xml -->
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
           http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
           http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc
           http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc.xsd
           http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
           http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">
    <!--配置控制器扫描-->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.zze.springmvc.web.controller"/>
    <!--注解驱动-->
    <mvc:annotation-driven/>
    <!--视图解析器-->
    <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
        <property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/jsp/"/>
        <property name="suffix" value=".jsp"/>
    </bean>
</beans>

8、引入 Log4j 属性文件:

# log4j.properties
log4j.rootLogger = debug,stdout

### 输出信息到控制抬 ###
log4j.appender.stdout = org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender
log4j.appender.stdout.Target = System.out
log4j.appender.stdout.layout = org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.stdout.layout.ConversionPattern = [%-5p] %d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss,SSS} method:%l%n%m%n

### 输出DEBUG 级别以上的日志到=E://logs/error.log ###
log4j.appender.D = org.apache.log4j.DailyRollingFileAppender
log4j.appender.D.File = E://logs/log.log
log4j.appender.D.Append = true
log4j.appender.D.Threshold = DEBUG
log4j.appender.D.layout = org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.D.layout.ConversionPattern = %-d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss}  [ %t:%r ] - [ %p ]  %m%n

### 输出ERROR 级别以上的日志到=E://logs/error.log ###
log4j.appender.E = org.apache.log4j.DailyRollingFileAppender
log4j.appender.E.File =E://logs/error.log 
log4j.appender.E.Append = true
log4j.appender.E.Threshold = ERROR 
log4j.appender.E.layout = org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.E.layout.ConversionPattern = %-d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss}  [ %t:%r ] - [ %p ]  %m%n

9、配置 Spring 核心监听器及加载 SpringMVC 核心配置文件:

<!-- WEB-INF/web.xml -->
<!DOCTYPE web-app PUBLIC
        "-//Sun Microsystems, Inc.//DTD Web Application 2.3//EN"
        "http://java.sun.com/dtd/web-app_2_3.dtd" >

<web-app>
    <context-param>
        <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
        <param-value>classpath:config/spring/applicationContext-*.xml</param-value>
    </context-param>
    <listener>
        <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
    </listener>

    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>springmvc</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
        <!--加载 SpringMVC 核心配置文件-->
        <init-param>
            <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
            <param-value>classpath:config/spring/springmvc.xml</param-value>
        </init-param>
    </servlet>
    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>springmvc</servlet-name>
        <!--注意:这里使用 / ,如果使用 /* 会出现找不到视图的问题-->
        <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>
</web-app>

10、编写 Service 层测试代码:

// com.zze.springmvc.service.UserService
import com.zze.springmvc.pojo.User;

import java.util.List;

public interface UserService {

    List<User> getAll();
}
// com.zze.springmvc.service.impl.UserServiceImpl
import com.zze.springmvc.mapper.UserMapper;
import com.zze.springmvc.pojo.User;
import com.zze.springmvc.service.UserService;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import java.util.List;
@Service
public class UserServiceImpl implements UserService {
    @Autowired
    private UserMapper userMapper;

    public List<User> getAll() {
        return userMapper.selectByExample(null);
    }
}

11、编写 web 层测试代码:

// com.zze.springmvc.web.controller.UserController
import com.zze.springmvc.pojo.User;
import com.zze.springmvc.service.UserService;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.ui.Model;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;

import java.text.ParseException;
import java.util.List;

@Controller
@RequestMapping("user")
public class UserController {
    @Autowired
    private UserService userService;
    @RequestMapping("list")
    public String list(Model model) throws ParseException {
        List<User> all = userService.getAll();
        model.addAttribute("list", all);
        return "userlist";
    }
}
<!-- WEB-INF/jsp/userlist.jsp -->
<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" isELIgnored="false" %>
<%@ taglib prefix="c" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" %>
<%@ taglib uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/fmt" prefix="fmt" %>
<html>
<head>
    <title>list</title>
</head>
<body>

<table border="1">
    <thead>
    <tr>
        <th>Id</th>
        <th>Name</th>
        <th>Birthday</th>
        <th>Address</th>
    </tr>
    </thead>
    <tbody>
    <c:forEach items="${list}" var="user">
        <tr>
            <td>${user.id}</td>
            <td>${user.name}</td>
            <td><fmt:formatDate value="${user.birthday}" pattern="yyyy-MM-dd"/></td>
            <td>${user.address}</td>
        </tr>
    </c:forEach>
    </tbody>
</table>
</body>
</html>

12、启动项目,测试,浏览器输出:
image.png

# SpringMVC  

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